sAPP & Abeta in CSF

Correlations between soluble alpha/beta forms of amyloid precursor protein and Abeta38, 40 and 42 in human cerebrospinal fluid

Audrey Gabelle, S. Roche, Christian Geny, Karim Bennys, Pierre Labauge, Yannick Tholance, Isabelle Quadrio, Laurent Tiers, Baptiste Gor, Chloé Chaulet, Alain Vighetto, Bernard Croisile, Pierre Krolak-Salmon, Jacques Touchon, Armand Perret-Liaudet & Sylvain Lehmann

Brain Research, Volume 1357, 21 October 2010, Pages 175-183

Abstract : Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers are now widely used for diagnosis of Alzheimer disease (AD) in atypical clinical forms, for differential and early diagnosis, or for stratification of patients in clinical trials. Among these biomarkers, different forms of amyloid peptides (Aβ) produced by the cleavage of a transmembrane precursor protein called APP (amyloid precursor protein) have a major role. Aβ peptides exist in different length the most common ones having 40 (Aβ40), 42 (Aβ42), or 38 (Aβ38) amino acids in length. APP processing by gamma-secretase releases also an amino-terminal secreted fragment called sAβPP-beta while an alternative nonamyloidogenic cleavage of APP, through an alpha-secretase, liberates another fragment called sAβPP-alpha. To decipher the molecular and pathological mechanisms leading to the production and the detection of these entities is essential for the comprehension and the prevention of AD. In this report, we present the results of the Keywords: Biomarkers CSF Soluble amyloid precursor proteins Aβ fragment peptides Alzheimer disease Dementia